5 Sep 2016

George Orwell and Six Cardinal Rules of Writing.



Eric Arthur Blair Born 25 June 1903 in Motihari, Bengal Presidency, who used the pen name George Orwell was a renowned  English novelist, essayist, and critic most famous for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-four (1949).
George Orwell created some of the quality satirical fiction of the 20th century Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four were few of them. He was a man of strong opinions who addressed some of the major political movements of his times, including imperialism, fascism and communism.
The son of a British civil servant, George Orwell spent his first days in British India, where his father was stationed. His mother brought him and his older sister, Marjorie, to England about a year after his birth and settled in Henley-on-Thames. His father stayed behind in India and rarely visited. Because of this the pair never formed a strong bond. He found his father to be dull and conservative.
He was a sick child, often battling bronchitis and the flu. Orwell started writing at an early age, reportedly composing his first poem around the age of four. He later wrote, "I had the lonely child's habit of making up stories and holding conversations with imaginary persons, and I think from the very start my literary ambitions were mixed up with the feeling of being isolated and undervalued." One of his first literary successes came at the age of 11 when he had a poem published in the local newspaper.
Like many other boys in England, Orwell was sent to boarding school. In 1911 he went to St. Cyprian's in the coastal town of Eastbourne, where he got his first taste of England's class system. On a partial scholarship, Orwell noticed that the school treated the richer students better than the poorer ones. He wasn't popular with his peers, and in books he found comfort from his difficult situation. He read works by Rudyard Kipling and H. G. Wells, among others. What he lacked in personality, he made up for in smarts. Orwell won scholarships to Wellington College and Eton College to continue his studies.
After completing his schooling at Eton, Orwell found himself at a dead end. His family did not have the money to pay for a university education. Instead he joined the India Imperial Police Force in 1922. After five years in Burma, Orwell resigned his post and returned to England. He was intent on making it as a writer. He gave six most important rules which today also guide many of young and inspirational writers.

1.     Never use a metaphor, simile or other figure of speech which you often see in print media.

2.     Never use a long word where a short one will do.

3.     If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out.

4.     Never use the passive where you can use the active.

5.     Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent.

6.     Break any of these rules sooner than say anything barbarous.